Cancer, a disease causing cell growth and replication, has over 200 variations, each requiring unique diagnosis and treatment approaches.
Cancer survivors often experience a decline in physical fitness due to side effects and treatment. Insufficient physical activity is a leading cause of death worldwide. Addressing these risk factors and incorporating stress reduction techniques can help patients manage these factors. Physical inactivity worsens the adverse effects of cancer and treatment, leading to increased emphasis on exercise and activity.
Physical activity significantly improves the quality of life for cancer patients, both during and after treatment. It improves physical and psychosocial factors, reduces the risk of diseases, and improves overall health. Exercise also helps maintain a healthy body weight, reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and hypertension. Physiotherapists play a crucial role in cancer care, providing prevention strategies, pre-operative assessments, and post-surgery recovery support. They also offer advice on lymphedema prevention, wound care, stretching, and massage.